If a bear or large predator approaches to within thirty feet, give a warning blast, placing a fog between you and the animal. Note: Check for wind direction and position yourself upwind if possible, to avoid cross-exposure.
If the bear or large predator continues to approach or to charge within 20 to 30 feet, use short blasts, continuously in succession, aiming low at the head and face of the animal so it runs into the spray, until the animal retreats or is deterred.
Spray and React
CAUTION: This product is no substitute for common sense.8. Will Counter Assault hurt animals or people?9. What is the shelf life of bear pepper spray?10. Will Counter Assault work in freezing temperatures?
Packaging is Canadian specification and bilingual. 1.84% Capsaicin.
Expiry Date: 2024
Counter Assault is the developer of the high emission "atomized" fire extinguisher style spray used in all bear deterrents. Counter Assault Bear Deterrent was developed in conjunction with the University of Montana, has the maximum active ingredient strength allowed by both the US EPA and Health Canada, and exceeds Bear Biologist and Wildlife Specialist recommendations for bear spray. Counter Assault is both an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Health Canada establishment and was awarded the Grizzly Bear Stewardship Award for research and development of bear deterrent pepper spray.
For over 20 years Counter Assault has been a leading worldwide manufacturer of bear deterrent, military, law enforcement, and self defense pepper sprays and accessories. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) testing by independent laboratories and our stringent internal quality control insures high quality pepper spray products with consistent heat levels. Counter Assault products are used worldwide as a non-lethal protection aid.
The EPA requires the concentration of Active Ingredient (capsaicin and related capsaicinoids) range between 1% and 2%. The minimum size can the EPA requires is 7.9 ounces or 225 grams.The EPA requires each registrant to provide spray distance and time of continuous spray for their product and include the information on the label, although the EPA has no established limits.
The chart reflects only bear pepper sprays that meet the minimum distance recommendation as suggested by bear biologists and wildlife specialists.
There are many types of ways that bears confront people. The three most common encounter scenarios where the suggested 25 foot spray range will be most beneficial are:
Capsaicin and related capsaicinoids are the Active Ingredients within Oleoresin Capsicum. Commonly referred to as OC, it is a natural, oily, resin-like substance derived from hot peppers, the same ones used in spicy foods. Bear sprays that contain OC induce an almost immediate but temporary burning sensation of the skin and a burning, tearing and swelling of the eyes. If OC is inhaled, the respiratory tract becomes inflamed resulting in swelling of the mucous membranes lining the breathing passage and temporarily restricting breathing to short, shallow breaths.
Counter Assault utilizes a sophisticated dispersal system to create an atomized fog, which produces a pepper cloud slow to dissipate. The most effective dispersal system is the atomized fogger.
To be effective, Counter Assault Bear Deterrent must be airborne. Do not spray this product on objects, tents, or humans; such use has NO deterrent effect on bears.
A group comprised of bear biologists and wildlife specialists released recommendations for bear pepper spray on August 12, 1999. Their Bear Pepper Spray Position Paper lists the following criteria:
Remember that bears are curious creatures with a powerful sense of smell. Please follow local camping regulations, but here are some tips:
If you see a bear and it has not seen you, stay calm and quietly leave the area. If on a trail, step off the trail on the downhill side and slowly leave the area. If the bear has seen you, identify yourself - let the bear know you are human. Talk in a soft to normal voice, do not yell. Help the animal recognize you are human. If the bear cannot tell what you are, it may come closer or stand on its hind legs to get a better look or smell.
A standing bear is curious, not threatening, but this is a good time for a first short (one-second) burst of Counter Assault, which may send the bear on its way. Try to back away slowly diagonally, but if the bear follows, stop and hold your ground. Pick up small children immediately and stay in a group.
Try not to pose a threat - avoid direct eye contact, as bears may perceive this as a threat. Don't make any sudden movements. If necessary, back away slowly to give the bear plenty of room to escape.
Wild bears rarely attack people unless they feel threatened or provoked. Stand still - hold your ground if the bear charges. Bears often "bluff charge". Since it's impossible to tell a bluff charge from the real thing, a short (1-3 second) blast of Counter Assault should interrupt the charge. Do not run - including to the nearest tree unless you are sure you can climb at least 10 feet before the bear reaches you.
Running is likely to prompt the bear to give chase. You can't outrun a bear - they have been clocked up to 35 mph, and like cougars and dogs, they will chase fleeing animals. (Climbing a tree may not work for black bears because they are agile climbers.) Under no circumstances should bear spray create a false sense of security or serve as a substitute for standard safety precautions in bear country.
Any scent may attract bears, but there is no conclusive evidence by bear experts that bear spray does or does not attract bears. This issue came to light due to the improper use of bear pepper sprays. Bear experts all agree that bear pepper spray, when used correctly, is the best defense against an aggressive bear. It must be airborne to work.
Counter Assault Bear Deterrents in all available sizes meet or exceed bear biologists recommendations.
If you are exposed, the effects of Counter Assault are temporary. With no treatment at all, the effects should dissipate within approximately 30-45 minutes. However, some attempt should be made to relieve the discomfort of the individual who has been exposed. Treatment is accomplished by simply flushing the exposed area with large quantities of water. As soon as possible, the affected person should be removed from the contaminated area, placed in a fresh-air environment, and told to place their head briefly under water while opening their eyes. More complete treatment instructions are printed on each canister of Counter Assault.
Only a small amount of Counter Assault is usually needed to resist aggressive behavior. We recommend using short bursts (one-half to two seconds) as opposed to a long, continuous spray.
The sound made by the atomized fogger blast of Counter Assault will frequently startle the animal, as it is not a familiar noise. Sometimes this is enough to chase it away.
When the animal attack is interrupted, this is your chance to get away, but DO NOT RUN.
Animals and people temporarily experience intense burning sensations, which wear off in 30 to 45 minutes. Counter Assault is non-lethal, has no ozone-depleting chemicals, and causes no permanent damage to the animal or person sprayed.
Counter Assault products have a four-year recommended replacement date because ALL aerosols lose propellant over time. This four-year replacement date means that it will shoot to maximum distance the first four years, and will still spray a considerable distance after that date. For example, Counter Assault Bear Deterrent, when new, sprays 30 to 32 feet whereas many other bear deterrents only spray from 15 feet to 20 feet when freshly manufactured. Though the potency of the pepper does not diminish, all aerosol canister seals will weaken over time, allowing the propellant to escape.
Yes, although it will not spray as far at freezing temperatures, because a decrease in temperature causes a decrease in pressure, American and Canadian park rangers carry their Counter Assault under their jackets to keep it warm for emergency use. It has been used effectively in Cape Churchill, Manitoba against polar bears using this method and also in the Arctic at extremely low temperatures of 12°F/-12°C to -6°F/-22°C.
Model: Counter Assault CAC-12/psb